Tanzania is one of the foremost destinations in Africa Whether you are looking for a Tanzania holiday package that will take you to the tropical island beaches of Zanzibar or are dreaming of going on a Tanzania safari vacation to the great Serengeti, you will encounter unmatched wildlife experiences, pristine beaches, panoramic mountains views, largest and deepest lakes Victoria and Tanganyika and a rich African history.
Most Tanzania Vacations focus on wildlife, with the biggest attraction being a Serengeti safari in the Serengeti National Park, endless plains and savannah and the home of the Serengeti wildebeest migration. But there is much more to ourTanzania Safaris than just the Serengeti, the world renowned Ngorongoro Crater safari is legendary and the soaring mountain peaks of Mt. Kilimanjaro attract the most determined of hikers.
For those who crave the pleasures of fine white sand, turquoise waters and delicious seafood, there are the tropical islands of Zanzibar, Pemba and Mafia with their rich cultural heritage and fabulous snorkelling and diving.
Further afield lie hidden treasures, including the Selous Game Reserve and Ruaha National Park, which offer outstanding wildlife encounters with fewer visitors and Olduvai Gorge – the fabled “Cradle of Mankind”.
Arusha National Park offers some lovely walking in the foothills of Mount Meru and canoeing on the Momela Lakes, plus gentle game drives. If you have the time it is well worth a day or two. The Park is only 137 sq km but beautiful and it is the closest Tanzanian National Wildlife Park to both the famous “safari town” of Arusha (29 km), as well as the Kilimanjaro International Airport, thus making it ideal for day safaris.
There are a range of activities to do in Arusha National Park. This includes walking safaris which are always accompanied by a ranger and last for a maximum of four hours, during which you would stop for a break at one of the park’s beautiful picnic sites. You can also explore the far reaches of the park by vehicle, taking in some of the magnificent views and keeping an eye out for wildlife
Lake Manyara is only about 330 sq km in size. Two thirds of the park consists of water, with the Great Rift Valley Escarpment rising sharply and dramatically along the western side, the park is recognized for its incredible beauty. Wildlife at Lake Manyara is not restricted to birdlife only but also many game animals such as Buffalo, Elephant, Giraffe, Impala, hippo and a great variety of smaller animals also inhabit the park.
Remember to keep looking up while you are in the park, Lake Manyara is well known for its tree climbing lions and there are also plenty of leopards. You’ll need some luck to see them though, so don’t be disappointed if they elude you.
A Lake Manyara Safari is often overlooked, many people pass Lake Manyara National Park in their rush to the Serengeti. However, we recommend you consider this enchanting and interesting park. Although small, it is one of the exciting and most game rich parks in the country.
The Annual Wildebeest and Zebra Migration is essentially the movement of thousands of animals across the grassy plains of East Africa in search of food and water as the seasons change. There is no start or finish as such but we commonly say the migration goes from the Serengeti Plains in a northwesterly direction.
The exact timing and route of the migration changes from year to year – depending on the rains. Most people come to witness thousands of animals galloping across the plains and fording raging rivers with crocodiles in wait!
Ngorongoro Crater is the best self-contained safari destination in the world. The world’s largest unbroken caldera, it is often referred to as the ‘Garden of Eden’. The rich pasture and permanent water of the crater floor shelters a large population of animals.
In fact, the crater floor is one of the most densely crowded game areas in the world and is home to about 30,000 animals. The open grassland makes it easy to watch, so it is also a stronghold for endangered species like black rhino and cheetah.
Ngorongoro Conservation Area includes its famed crater, Olduvai Gorge, and huge expanses of flat terrain, scrub bush, and forests that cover approximately 8300 square kilometers. A protected area, only native tribe of the Masai are allowed to live within its precincts. Lake Ndutu and Masek, both alkaline soda lakes are home to rich wildlife populations, as well as a series of peaks and volcanoes and make the Conservation Area a matchless and stunning landscape.
Selous Game Reserve is one of the largest fauna reserves of the world, located in the southern part of Tanzania. It was named after Englishman Sir Frederick Selous, a famous big game hunter and early conservationist. The park varies from rolling grassy woodlands and plains, to rocky outcrops cut by the Rufiji River – the lifeblood of the park, whose tributaries form a network of lakes, lagoons and channels.
Volcanic hot springs even burst forth in places. The Rufiji offers a superb method of game viewing especially during the dry season when animals congregate.
Selous contains about one third of all the wild dogs (often called painted dogs), in the world. Their need to roam vast areas and their formidable hunting skills have caused many to be shot by farmers, but here in Selous they have boundless woodlands and savannahs in which to roam. Along the Rufiji River, an array of grazing antelopes, crocodiles and hippos are commonly seen as well as black and white colobus monkeys in the riverine forests.
During the dry season from June to October, the concentration of animals along the river is astonishing. Linked to the Rufii is Lake Tagalala where waterbuck, reedbuck and bushbuck gather at the water’s edge. Magnificent sickle-horned sable and curly-horned greater kudu tend to keep to the longer grass and wooded shrubby areas.
In the dry season an ancient migration of elephants takes place between the Selous and Mozambique’s Niassa Game Reserves. This is one of the largest natural trans-boundary eco-systems in Africa and at the last consensus it was estimated that 64,400 elephants roam the two parks, with 84% on the Tanzanian side.
Fierce tiger fish and smooth slippery vandu catfish are caught in the rivers. The latter is equipped with primitive lungs allowing it to cross land for short distance in an attempt to find water water during the dry season.
Tarangire National Park lies a little distance to the south east of Lake Manyara and covers an area of approximately 2,600 square kilometres. It is named after the Tarangire River that flows through the park. It is probably the least visited of the northern Tanzanian game parks, and retains a real air of undiscovered Africa, particulary in the south of the park. Much of the park is grassland together with swamplands and flood plains, which feed the Tarangire River. Large baobab trees, particularly in the northern section of the park, stand dotted across the landscape dominating the scenery. Many of the trees are hundreds of years old. Elsewhere there is acacia woodland, open bush and groves of palm trees.
Zebra, wildebeest, cape buffalo, thomsons gazelle, fringe eared oryx and hartebeest (also called kongoni) can be seen in large numbers during the dry season and many of these migrate out of the park towards Lake Manyara and further north when the short rains occur, usually in November. At this time they move on to new areas of grassland. These herd animals then return to the park after the long rains in April and May. Species that remain in the park include giraffe, waterbuck, impala, warthog, lesser kudu, dik dik (a small type of antelope) elephants can often be seen in small or large herds, particularly in the dry season, and groups or pods of hippo can be seen in the river and swamplands in the centre of the park.
Baboon and vervet monkeys are the most commonly seen species of primates seen in the park. The main predators in the park are, lion, spotted hyena, cheetah, and leopard. Other smaller predators include bat-eared foxes, jackal. Other animals seen include bush and rock hyrax (also called dassies) mongeese, ground squirrel, porcupine (mainly nocturnal) and civet cat.
The bird life is very varied with over 350 species having been recorded in the park. Many Eurasian migrants can be seen between October and April, which is the best time for bird viewing. Ostrich, various types of stork (white, abdims, saddle bill, open bill, marabou, yellow billed.) ibis (sacred-glossy) heron, (green backed, squacco, grey black headed, goliath, purple) are among the larger birds to be found here. In the park also a wide variety of birds of prey including types of kites, kestrels, harriers, buzzards, and eagles, along with a few species of vultures. Various species of kingfishers, (giant, pied, malachite, pygmy, striped, grey headed,) bee eaters (european, white-throated, little.) rollers, (european, lilac breasted, rufous-crowned, broad-billed) along with various species of hoopoes, hornbills, cuckoos, woodpeckers, shrikes, weavers, flycatchers, and sunbirds, are some of the many other birds that can be seen here.